In he gained fame with the publication of his first novel, Nausea, which attempted to present his philosophical views at the time. The hero of Nausea is an antisocial recluse who, having realized the separation of human consciousness from nature, mocks all political commitment and has particular disdain for people who commit themselves to actions. These views were quickly changed when, inFrance was invaded by the German army and placed under the collaborationist Vichy Government of Marshal Petain.
Orestes has been traveling in a quest to find himself. He enters the story more as an adolescent with a girlish face, one who does not know his path or responsibility. He enters the city and introduces himself as Philebus "lover of youth"to disguise his true identity.
Orestes has come on the eve of the day of the dead, a day of mourning to commemorate the killing of Agamemnon fifteen years prior. No townsperson aside from an aphasic " idiot boy" will speak to Orestes or his tutor because they are strangers and not mourning, remorseful or dressed in all black.
Orestes meets his sister, Electra, and sees the terrible state that both she and the city are in. Electra has been treated as a servant girl since her mother and Aegisthus killed her father.
She longs to exact her revenge and refuses to mourn for the sins and death of Agamemnon or of the townspeople.
Act 2[ edit ] Orestes goes to the ceremony of the dead, where the angry souls are released by Aegisthus for one day where they are allowed out to roam the town and torment those who have wronged them.
The townspeople have to welcome the souls by setting a place at their tables and welcoming them into their beds. The townspeople have seen their purpose in life as constantly mourning and being remorseful of their "sins".
Electra, late to the ceremony, dances on top the cave in a white gown to symbolize her youth and innocence. She dances and yells to announce her freedom and denounce the expectation to mourn for deaths not her own.
The townspeople begin to believe and think of freedom until Zeus sends a contrary sign to deter them, and to deter Orestes from confronting the present King. Orestes and Electra unite and eventually resolve to kill Aegisthus and Clytemnestra. Here Zeus reveals two secrets of the gods: It then becomes a matter between men.
The ceremony of the dead and its fable has enabled Aegisthus to keep control and order over the town, instilled fear among them. Aegisthus refuses to fight back when Orestes and Electra confront him. Act 3[ edit ] Orestes and Electra flee to the temple of Apollo to escape men and the flies.
At the temple, the furies wait for Orestes and Electra to leave the sanctuary so the furies can attack and torture them. Electra fears her brother and begins to try to avoid her responsibility for the murders. She attempts to evade guilt and remorse by claiming she had only dreamt of murder for 15 years, as a form of release, while Orestes is the actual murderer.
Orestes tries to keep her from listening to the Furies - which are convincing her to repent and accept punishment.The Flies takes place in the town of Argos, Greece, a city plagued by a huge swarm of flies for much of the play.
Based on information we gather from the god, Zeus, and the townspeople, it seems th. Jean-Paul Sartre was a novelist, playwright, and philosopher. His major contribution to twentieth-century thinking was his system of existentialism, an ensemble of ideas describing humans' freedom and responsibilities within a framework of human dignity.
This is the atmosphere in No Exit, where all three characters have died and are condemned to the unmalleable truth of their past actions. Contrary to the situation in The Flies, this play shows what happens when people do not choose properly. In The Flies, we witness the results of correct, as well as incorrect, choices.
Orestes and his tutor arrive in Argos, Greece, a miserable town full of unfriendly citizens and flies the size of bumblebees. The reader is expected to be familiar with the Greek legend back-story, though Sartre does help the reader by re-hashing the myth via conversation.
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Fifteen years ago, King Agamemnon was the ruler of Argos. Aronson, Ronald () Jean-Paul Sartre – Philosophy in the World. London: NLB London: NLB Baert, Patrick () The Existentialist Moment; The Rise of Sartre as a Public Intellectual.
The Importance of the Tutor in The Flies Essay - The Importance of the Tutor in The Flies In Jean -Paul Sarte's play, "The Flies", the main character Orestes manages to lift a curse that has plagued the dwellers of Argos for decades.