As manufacturers strove to increase productivity and maximize profits, the importance of job satisfaction emerged and the field of job design was born. Two popular job design tools are job enlargement and job enrichment.
Magazine Job Enrichment Definition, Benefits, and Tips The management technique of job enrichment has its roots in the s and s psychology but its relevance still prevails. Based on the power of personal satisfaction and by using special motivators, jobs have been redesigned to become genuinely motivating and trigger a better performance.
Allowing that, overall, it is a valid method for motivating the workforce, we dive deeper by presenting the guiding principles behind the theory, a three-step technique to help introduce it, and some best practices to set a good example.
Job enrichment is a method for redesigning jobs, a motivation technique that aims at making work more interesting and challenging for the employees. It mainly consists of giving more responsibility than what originally applied to the job, creating opportunities for professional growth and recognition.
The concept that people might perform better if their job is motivating enough was first introduced inin a Harvard Business Review article by Frederick Herzberg. During his research, the author, a psychologist found that there are different factors motivating and demotivating people in the workplace, and they work quite separately from each other.
But the opposite of it is not true: Instead, he found the motivation of the workforce is only increased by internal factors motivatorssuch as achievement and recognition, responsibility, or advancement and growth. Hence Henzberg believed that managers should make sure they are adding motivators besides improving the job environment because satisfaction will only come in a healthy surrounding.
Where and where not? There are three major types of job design methods. Besides job enrichment, management might also opt for a job enlargement or job rotation. The aim of the three is similar: Contrary to the vertical nature of job enrichment due to the raised level of challenge, job enlargement tries to enrich jobs by giving more tasks, i.
It is a technique commonly applied in times of recession.
The other method, job rotation is based on variety rather than quantity or quality: The purpose of using job enrichment for motivation is to give the employee a clear meaning of his or her function so that it gives more satisfaction. From a business perspective, this is important because satisfied employees are generally more productive and more loyal — a financial gain and a financial saving of replacing them for the enterprise.
Besides, reducing repetition of tasks, the first action point of job enrichment, instantly makes the job less boringmore enjoyable, and improves productivity with self-driven employees.
Job enrichment is the process of improving employee satisfaction with employees' positions by modifying their work. This increase in satisfaction should result in lower turnover and higher. This study investigated effects of effect of job enrichment techniques on employee performance in Federal University Dutsinma, Katsina State. Job enrichment is one of the cherished goals to achieve employee performance. It is essential to understand how job enrichment is a valuable tool for managing and fostering the successful employee . Job enrichment, first of all, is the process of improving employee satisfaction with employees' positions by modifying their work, as well as reducing repetitive work and providing opportunities.
To meet these needs, jobs can be designed with the five job characteristics in mind: Such motivation techniques can increase job satisfaction.Advancement: Job enrichment gives tools to the employee to improve their skills and learn new ones, many times even managerial ones.
If they are ambitious enough, the positive feedback will be a motivation to advance, and the new competencies make them more confident to take opportunities. This study investigated effects of effect of job enrichment techniques on employee performance in Federal University Dutsinma, Katsina State.
Job enrichment is one of the cherished goals to achieve employee performance. It is essential to understand how job enrichment is a valuable tool for managing and fostering the successful employee .
The effect of job enrichment on employee responses was investigated in a field experiment conducted in a federal agency among clerical employees, who were randomly assigned to either an enriched or unenriched condition. In the enriched condition, a systematic attempt was made to increase the extent to which the jobs of the employees possessed each of the dimensions of skill variety, task.
Proponents of job enrichment activities say they increase employees' job satisfaction through improving the workplace and the quality of the business product or service.
Job enrichment can be described as a medium through which management can motivate self-driven employees by assigning them additional responsibility normally reserved for higher level employees.
By doing this, employees feel like their work has meaning and is important to the company. This theory is based on the premise that employees have a. Job Enrichment Definition. Conceptualised and developed in the s by an American psychologist, Frederick Herzberg, job enrichment refers to redesigning a job to allow for more autonomy and reduce the effects of monotony.