The causes symptoms and treatment of coronary heart disease

Changing position, resting, or lying down brings no relief.

The causes symptoms and treatment of coronary heart disease

Quitting smoking Know your family history of health problems related to CHD. If you or someone in your family has CHD, be sure to tell your doctor. If lifestyle changes aren't enough, you also may need medicines to control your CHD risk factors. Angina is chest pain or discomfort that occurs if an area of your heart muscle doesn't get enough oxygen-rich blood.

Angina may feel like pressure or squeezing in your chest. You also may feel it in your shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back.

Angina pain may even feel like indigestion. The pain tends to get worse with activity and go away with rest. Emotional stress also can trigger the pain. Another common symptom of CHD is shortness of breath. This symptom occurs if CHD causes heart failure. Fluid builds up in your lungs, making it hard to breathe.

The severity of these symptoms varies. They may get more severe as the buildup of plaque continues to narrow the coronary arteries. The disease might not be diagnosed until a person has signs or symptoms of a heart attackheart failure, or an arrhythmia an irregular heartbeat.

Heart Attack A heart attack occurs if the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a section of heart muscle is cut off. This can happen if an area of plaque in a coronary artery ruptures breaks open. Blood cell fragments called platelets stick to the site of the injury and may clump together to form blood clots.

If a clot becomes large enough, it can mostly or completely block blood flow through a coronary artery. Healthy heart tissue is replaced with scar tissue.

This heart damage may not be obvious, or it may cause severe or long-lasting problems. Heart With Muscle Damage and a Blocked Artery Figure A is an overview of a heart and coronary artery showing damage dead heart muscle caused by a heart attack.

Figure B is a cross-section of the coronary artery with plaque buildup and a blood clot. The most common heart attack symptom is chest pain or discomfort. Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the center or left side of the chest that often lasts for more than a few minutes or goes away and comes back.

The discomfort can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness, or pain. The feeling can be mild or severe. Heart attack pain sometimes feels like indigestion or heartburn. The symptoms of angina can be similar to the symptoms of a heart attack.

Angina pain usually lasts for only a few minutes and goes away with rest. All chest pain should be checked by a doctor. Other common signs and symptoms of a heart attack include: Upper body discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw, or upper part of the stomach Shortness of breath, which may occur with or before chest discomfort Nausea feeling sick to your stomachvomiting, light-headedness or fainting, or breaking out in a cold sweat Sleep problems, fatigue tirednessor lack of energy For more information, go to the Health Topics Heart Attack article.

Heart failure doesn't mean that your heart has stopped or is about to stop working. The most common signs and symptoms of heart failure are shortness of breath or trouble breathing; fatigue; and swelling in the ankles, feet, legs, stomach, and veins in the neck.

All of these symptoms are the result of fluid buildup in your body. When symptoms start, you may feel tired and short of breath after routine physical effort, like climbing stairs.

For more information, go to the Health Topics Heart Failure article.

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Arrhythmia An arrhythmia is a problem with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat. When you have an arrhythmia, you may notice that your heart is skipping beats or beating too fast. Some people describe arrhythmias as a fluttering feeling in the chest.

These feelings are called palpitations pal-pih-TA-shuns. Some arrhythmias can cause your heart to suddenly stop beating.Heart (cardiovascular) disease (CVD, heart disease) is a variety of types of conditions that affect the heart, for example, coronary or valvular heart disease; cardiomyopathy, arrhythmias, and heart infections.

Symptoms of heart disease include chest pain, sweating, nausea, and shortness of breath. Treatment for heart disease includes lifestyle changes, medication, and possibly surgery. Coronary artery disease, also called coronary heart disease, or simply, heart disease, affects millions of Americans.

Coronary Artery Disease: Causes, Diagonosis & Prevention|

This serious condition is a result of plaque buildup in your arteries. What. Coronary artery disease can cause the following complications: Angina; Heart attack; Inability of the heart to pump enough blood (heart failure) Abnormal heart rhythm.

Early diagnosis and treatment of CAD may stop or slow its progression and help prevent many of these complications.

The causes symptoms and treatment of coronary heart disease

Heart. Blood is pumped through the body by the heart. The coronary arteries carry blood to the heart muscle to provide it with oxygen and nutrients so it can continue to work and pump blood. Coronary artery disease (CAD) occurs when the arteries that supply blood to the heart become hardened and narrowed due to the buildup of cholesterol and other substances, known as plaque.

When plaque builds up, it narrows your coronary arteries, decreasing blood flow to your heart. Eventually, the decreased blood flow may cause chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, or other coronary artery disease signs and symptoms.

Coronary Artery Disease: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments